There are two priorities to keep our community’s elders safe:
- avoiding the dangers of excessive summer heat and humidity, and
- preventing falls, a year-round need, but one where summer presents some special challenges.
Keeping Cool During Our Hot Summers – Unfortunately, heat exhaustion and heat stroke, which can even lead to death, are much more common in the aging. Simple prevention includes staying out of the direct sun between 9 am and 3 pm, exercising in air-conditioning or during the cooler times of day, staying well hydrated with water & electrolytes (sports drinks), and wearing loose, lightly colored clothing. Non-alcoholic iced drinks can also help keep you cool, and be careful consuming alcohol – too much of it can be dangerous, for everyone.
How Do You Spot and Treat Someone Who is Over-Heated? People with heat exhaustion or heat stroke can display weakness, dizziness, headache, confusion, a fast pulse, heavy sweating or red, hot, dry or damp skin, and lose consciousness (pass out). Treatment includes moving them to a cooler place, using cool cloths or a cool bath to lower their body temperature, sipping water, and if they do pass out or symptoms get worse, get immediate medical attention or call 911.
Preventing Falls Outside – Falls are one of the major reasons seniors go to the Emergency Dept, get hospitalized, and even suffer an early death. Along with falling from heat exhaustion/stroke, many summer activities can lead to falls. This includes falls while hiking up in our beautiful Blue Ridge Mountains or at other area attractions. Along with taking a sturdy walking stick to navigate curbs and other uneven surfaces, be sure to pack all the supplies you need to stay well hydrated and safe from the heat and sun. Be sure as well to take a charged cell phone and let someone not with you know where you’re going and when to expect you back.
Closer to home, other activities that can cause a fall includes yard work and anything involving a ladder. Rather than risking an injury or maybe even your life climbing a ladder to clean a window or paint some trim, hire a college student or a contractor to do the work. It can save you in the long run, literally! Yard work can also involve lifting heavy bags, rocks, or other items, all of which can contribute to joint and back pain, one of the most common reasons seniors go to the doctor and use pain medication. Again, hire someone else to do the work to avoid it becoming a pain in the neck, or your back.
Fall Prevention in the Home – although we all know how important it is to prevent falls, we often avoid or delay making needed home safety modifications. Right now, during the summer, is as good a time as any to finally make those necessary changes. Start with a home safety assessment for which there are many good lists online, including from AARP. Then follow-thru on the priority items, to keep you and your loved ones safe this summer and then the whole year through.